In the presence of wells, fresh water can be effectively obtained even in the absence of municipal water. To facilitate supply to your plumbing system, you only need to connect a pump to a nearby well with fresh water.
However, since they vary in their depth, it’s essential to be aware of the different types that are not commonly known so that you can connect the right well for effective utilization.
This guide will introduce you to the types of wells that may not be of common knowledge but are necessary to be aware of.
What are the uses of wells?
A well is a structure that is excavated in the ground through the process of drilling, driving, or digging so that water can be accessed through the same. In all parts of the world, they play a significant role.
They are a reliable source of water supply as they facilitate the liquid in sufficient quantities. This water can be used for industrial, residential, or even irrigation purposes.
Water is essential for survival, but in some places, there can be enormous water scarcity, particularly in dry regions.
In such places, having a well might not be an option but rather a necessity. As such, they can be regarded as one of the most important sources providing groundwater access.
What is the purpose of well pumps?
When wells are constructed, they are connected with a pump to ensure a convenient flow of water. These pumps push the well water and store it in a tank through which you can use it.
Wells uses a pressure tank system to perform this function. It sends this water to the storage tank or reservoir plumbing system.
However, you must connect wells with good-quality pumps (such as Cleanflow’s tanks and pumps) for their maximum efficiency.
Types of Wells You Should Know About
Here are some of the typical wells you never thought they existed.
1. Tubing Rotary Drilling
When there is a creation of a short-length to moderate-length sidetrack in an existing well, it is called tubing rotary drilling. It is comparatively cost-efficient and uses a slim bore drill pipe for well drilling.
The drill pipe can be run through the existing production tubing because it is narrow, and it is much more time efficient. The Gullfaks field located in the Norwegian North Sea uses this type of wells and identifies remaining oil targets using 4-D seismic data.
2. Designer Wells
Designer wells refer to ones that are horizontal and have a high angle. They also serve more than one intended purpose.
Since they can serve more than one targeted purpose, the need for several conventional wells to drain water effectively is eliminated, making the these more convenient and cost-effective.
These wells intend to target the penetration and draining of more than one fault block. The search for an economic volume of oil can be increased by multi-target infill wells in mature fields.
3. Multilateral Wells
When the main brain hole of a well has more than one beach radiating out of it, the well is regarded as a multilateral well. A separate part of the reservoir or the storage tank can be drained by each branch. And a single common wellbore can be produced by it.
The main benefit is that they can be a highly economical option for the same amount of drainage points. Especially when compared to drilling separate wells.
4. Coiled Tube Drilling
Coiled tube drilling refers to wells with a steep pipe of a small diameter located on a surface reel with a length of up to 6,000 m (19,685 ft).
It can also be used as an alternative for drill pipe with horizontal sidetracks that are of short-length to medium-length or within new wells.
The combination of a mud turbine and drill bit is used for coiled tube drilling. The mud powers the turbine by moving through it while the tubing does not rotate itself. The drilling operation in these wells is relatively quicker than the normal drilling process.
5. Horizontal Wells
When the reservoir section is drilled at a high angle, the wells are referred to as horizontal wells. To store the well within a specific hydrocarbon zone or reservoir interval, they usually have a trajectory.
A specific configuration is used to drill these wells where a deviated path is used to drill the well’s section above the reservoir section. This is referred to as the kick-off point. The targets of horizontal wells are feigned at the entry point, and a geometrical plan is required to drill them.
These various types of wells can come in handy for your water supply needs. They may not be commonly known, but nonetheless, they can be reliable and a sustainable option to obtain water. You can observe the functions and efficiency of each of these wells carefully to make the best choice.