A growing number of farmers follow a farming system that promotes sustainability for the environment and economy. This farming system, dubbed ‘sustainable farming,’ can be achieved by all farms, allowing farmers to produce a wide range of food, fiber, and fuel adapted to the local climate and regional markets. It enables farmers to maximize productivity, profit, and efficiency while saving the environment
If you’re looking to make your farm greener and better for the environment, here are the elements that every sustainable farm needs.
Use Clean Energy Sources
The most crucial element in sustainable farming is the use of cleaner and natural alternate sources of energy. Energy production is the number one contributor to air pollution, damaging the environment’s overall well-being. The regular fossil fuel that most farms use can cause more harm than renewable energy.
That’s why if you are considering diving into sustainable farming, consider investing in renewable energy sources such as solar panels from sunpower dealers and geothermal heat pumps, which generate steam to make electricity.
Lots of water go to waste daily, especially when it comes to farming. Experts estimate that the water used for irrigation makes up to 91% of consumption in some countries.
You can ask your local agricultural department if it is possible for the municipality to recycle the area’s wastewater for irrigation. It is wise to conserve water as well. A great way you can do this is by using barrels and containers to collect or conserve rainwater.
You can also set up an irrigation line to help water your plants and gardens. Be sure to research and use the best irrigation software when setting up an automated system.
Keep Natural Pest Eliminators Around
Pesticides are not only dangerous to humans, but they are also a risk for the surrounding environment and animals. It is best if you invest in natural pest eliminators, like bats, birds, and insects, to remove all pests on your crops.
You can purchase these animals from pest control stores or farming supply chains, and release them near the produce and make the farm their home. However, if you want to ensure they do their job, you can always build a bat house and other shelters near your farm for these pest eliminators. You can also attract some of these naturally, such as birds and bees.
Compost Manure from Animals
Composting waste is another crucial element of sustainable farming that provides a positive impact on the environment. If you have animals around your farms, such as cows and pigs, do not let their droppings go to waste and use them as fertilizer.
It is a cost-effective way of enriching your land’s soil and avoiding unnecessary wastage of resources. You can make your organic fertilizer even more fertile by adding wiggler worms in it. Other wastes you should consider composting include non-meat kitchen scraps and dead plants.
Feed Animals Grass Instead of Synthetic Food
The nourishment you get from vegetables, fruits, and other crops depend on the quality of the soil they grow in. Just like plants, the same goes for animals. The nutrition you get from animal products will depend on the quality of their and their general lifestyle.
Instead of feeding your animals with fattening and dangerous synthetic foods, itis best to opt for grass. Grass-fed animals tend to be healthier, happier, and give more nutrition to humans.
Final Thoughts on Building a Sustainable Farm
The dedication involved in running a sustainable farm is demanding. Still, in time, the fruits of your labor will be ready for the picking, allowing you to enjoy massive benefits while taking part in saving the environment, making the world safer, greener, and healthier.
Do you run a sustainable farm or are you in the process of making your homestead or farm more sustainable? Share with us the ways and methods you are using in the comment section below.